Back9.3.1.7.(1)

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

F55

To resist the transfer of air through environmental separators.

Objective:

OS2.1, OS2.3, OS2.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls, walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to:
  • structural failure, or
  • where concrete supports or is used in an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F55

To resist the transfer of air through environmental separators.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OP2.1, OP2.4, OP2.3, OP2.4, OP2.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls , walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to:
  • structural failure,
  • where concrete supports or is used in an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements, which could lead to further compromised structural integrity, or
  • where concrete supports walls or floors, an inability to resist expected loads, which could lead to
    • the excessive deformation or deflection of walls, or
    • the excessive deflection or vibration of floors.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the space being unsuitable for its intended use,
  • compromised operation of windows and doors, and
  • damage to the building.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

F55

To resist the transfer of air through environmental separators.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OH1.1, OH1.1, OH1.2, OH1.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls , walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
Where concrete supports or is used in the walls of chimneys or fireplaces, to limit the probability of the inadequate performance or premature failure of concrete under expected environmental or structural loads, which could lead to the failure of these walls.
This is to limit the probability of the leakage of combustion products, which could lead to negative effects on the air quality of indoor spaces, which could lead to harm to persons.
To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
Where concrete supports or is used in an environmental separator, to limit the probability of the inadequate performance or premature failure of concrete under expected environmental or structural loads.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the compromised integrity of the environmental separation elements, or
  • an inadequate resistance to air and moisture transfer through the concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • pollutant ingress (from the exterior or from adjacent interior space, including soil gas, combustion products from parking garages, and particulates),
  • precipitation ingress,
  • condensation,
  • the ingress of moisture from the ground, or
  • the compromised thermal performance of components intended to provide resistance to heat transfer.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the generation of pollutants from biological growth or from materials that become unstable on wetting,
  • deterioration, which could lead to further compromised integrity of environmental separators, or
  • an inadequate control of indoor air and surface temperatures, drafts, relative humidity, or water accumulation.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • negative effects on the air quality of indoor spaces,
  • the inadequate thermal comfort of persons, and
  • contact with moisture.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OH4

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls, walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of the excessive deformation of concrete, which could lead to:
  • compromised structural integrity, or
  • where concrete elements support an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements, which could lead to compromised structural integrity.
Where concrete elements support wood-frame floors, this is to limit the probability of deflection or vibration of such floors, which could lead to negative effects on the psychological well-being of persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OS3.1, OS3.4, OS3.7

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls, walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors, de-icing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • compromised structural integrity, or
  • where concrete supports or is used in an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements, which could lead to compromised structural integrity.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • uneven concrete floor or step surfaces, which could lead to persons tripping,
  • the failure of supported handrails or guards, which could lead to persons falling,
  • the excessive deflection or vibration of supported wood-frame floors, which could lead to persons losing their balance, tripping or falling, and
  • the failure of fireplaces or chimneys, which could lead to the leakage of combustion products, including carbon monoxide gas, into living space, which could lead to the asphyxiation or acute poisoning of persons.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OS1.1

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in:
  • footings, foundation walls, walls, columns, grade beams and piers, and
  • fireplaces and chimneys.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer for foundation walls and basement floors.
Where concrete supports or is used in chimneys or fireplaces, this is to limit the probability of the compromised integrity of the chimney or fireplace, which could lead to the ignition of combustible building components.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

Objective:

OS2.1, OS2.3, OS2.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in floors, in buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to:
  • structural failure, or
  • where concrete is used in an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

Objective:

OP2.1, OP2.4, OP2.3, OP2.4, OP2.3, OP2.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in floors, in buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to:
  • structural failure,
  • where concrete is used in an environmental separator, the displacement or failure of required environmental separation elements, which could lead to the deterioration of building elements, which could lead to further compromised structural integrity, or
  • excessive deflection or cracking of floors.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the space being unsuitable for its intended use, and
  • damage to the building.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

F55

To resist the transfer of air through environmental separators.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

F61

To resist the ingress of precipitation, water or moisture from the exterior or from the ground.

Objective:

OH1.1, OH1.2, OH1.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in floors, in buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer.
Where concrete is used in an environmental separator, this is to limit the probability of:
  • the compromised integrity of the environmental separator, or
  • an inadequate resistance to air and moisture transfer through the concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • pollutant ingress (from the exterior, including soil gas)
  • condensation,
  • the ingress of moisture from the ground, or
  • the compromised thermal performance of components intended to provide resistance to heat transfer.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the generation of pollutants from biological growth or from materials that become unstable on wetting,
  • deterioration, which could lead to further compromised integrity of environmental separators, or
  • an inadequate control of indoor air and surface temperatures, drafts, relative humidity, or water accumulation.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • negative effects on the air quality of indoor spaces,
  • the inadequate thermal comfort of persons, and
  • contact with moisture.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

Objective:

OS3.1

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in floors, in buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to uneven concrete floor surfaces, which could lead to persons losing their balance, tripping or falling, which could lead to harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

Objective:

OS2.1, OS2.3

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in garage and carport floors, and exterior steps, including steps providing structural support (to guards or handrails, for example), where exposure to de-icing salts, water from rain or melting snow, freezing and thawing stresses, traffic, abrasion or other severe exposure conditions is likely.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer, deicing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to structural failure, which could lead to harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

Objective:

OS3.1

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in garage and carport floors, and exterior steps, including steps providing structural support (to guards or handrails, for example), where exposure to de-icing salts, water from rain or melting snow, freezing and thawing stresses, traffic, abrasion or other severe exposure conditions is likely.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer, deicing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to:
  • uneven concrete floor or step surfaces, which could lead to persons tripping,
  • the failure of supported handrails or guards, which could lead to persons falling.
This is to limit the probability of harm to persons.

ATTRIBUTION:

Functional Statement:

F20

To support and withstand expected loads and forces.

F21

To limit or accommodate dimensional change.

F80

To resist deterioration resulting from expected service conditions.

Objective:

OP2.3, OP2.4

 

APPLICATION:

Mixes for site-batched, cast-in-place concrete that is not required to be reinforced that is used in garage and carport floors, and exterior steps, including steps providing structural support (to guards or handrails, for example), where exposure to de-icing salts, water from rain or melting snow, freezing and thawing stresses, traffic, abrasion or other severe exposure conditions is likely.
This applies to buildings to which Part 9 applies [see Sentence 1.3.3.3.(1) of Division A for application of Part 9].

INTENT:

To limit the probability of:
  • an inappropriate cement/aggregate ratio, or
  • excessive water in concrete.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • aggregate segregation,
  • reduced compressive strength,
  • increased shrinkage and cracking, or
  • low resistance to air and moisture transfer, deicing salts, water absorption or freeze-thaw stresses.
This is to limit the probability of compromised structural integrity, which could lead to structural failure.
This is to limit the probability of:
  • the space being unsuitable for its intended use, and
  • damage to the building.