Division B
Acceptable Solutions

Part 8 — Safety Measures at Construction and Demolition Sites

Section 8.2. Protection of the Public

8.2.1. Fencing and Barricades

8.2.1.1. Covered Way Exceptions

1) Where the construction may constitute a hazard to the public, work shall not commence on the construction, alteration or repair of a building until a covered way has been provided as described in Article 8.2.1.2. to protect the public, except whereI

a)the work is done within a solid enclosure,

b)the building is at a distance of 2 m or more from a public way used by pedestrians, or

c)site conditions warrant a distance greater than provided in Clause (b).

8.2.1.2. Covered Way Construction

1) A covered way shallI

a)have a clear height of not less than 2.5 m,

b)have a clear width of not less than 1.5 m or the width of the public way, whichever is the lesser,

c)be designed and constructed to support safely all loads that may be reasonably expected to be applied to it, but in no case less than 2.4 kPa on the roof,

d)have a weathertight roof sloped towards the site or, if flat, be equipped with a splash board not less than 300 mm high on the street side,

e)be totally enclosed on the site side with a structure having a reasonably smooth surface facing the public way,

f)have a railing 1 070 mm high on the street side where the covered way is supported by posts on the street side, and

g)be adequately lighted when the public way is lighted.

8.2.1.3. Fencing, Boarding or Barricades

1) When a construction or demolition activity may constitute a hazard to the public and is located 2 m or more from a public way, a strongly constructed fence, boarding or barricade not less than 1.8 m high shall be erected between the site and the public way or open sides of a construction site.I

2) Barricades shall have a reasonably smooth surface facing the public way and shall be without openings, except those required for access.I

3) Access openings through barricades shall be equipped with gates that shall beI

a)kept closed and locked when the site is unattended, and

b)maintained in place until completion of the construction or demolition activity.

8.2.1.4. Special Hazards

1) Where any special hazard exists from which it is not possible to protect the public by other means, persons shall be employed to prevent the public from entering the danger zone at any time of the day or night.I

8.2.1.5. Work Shutdown

1) When work on a construction site is suspended or ceases so that it will not be occupied during normal working hours, the hazardous part of the construction site shall be protected byI

a)covering all windows, doors and other openings located within 3 m of the ground which may give access to the building with a securely fastened barricade, or

b)a fence or barricade constructed according to the requirements of Article 8.2.1.3.

8.2.2. Excavation

8.2.2.1. Water Removal

1) Excavations shall be kept reasonably clear of water.I

8.2.2.2. Protection of Adjoining Property

1) If the stability of adjoining buildings may be endangered by the work of excavating, adequate underpinning, shoring and bracing shall be provided to preventI

a)damage to, or movement of, any part of the adjoining building , and

b)the creation of a hazard to the public.

8.2.3. Use of Streets or Public Property

8.2.3.1. Safe Passage Past Site

1) Except as provided in Article 8.2.3.2., provisions shall be made at all times for the safe passage of pedestrian and vehicular traffic past the site.I

2) Material or equipment shall not be placed on any street or other public property except as authorized.I

3) Except as provided in Sentence (4), where a sidewalk exists adjacent to the site it shall be kept clear of obstructions at all times.I

4) Where construction operations necessitate the obstruction of a sidewalk, a temporary sidewalk shall be provided and it shall be kept clear of obstruction at all times.I

5) If construction operations necessitate the movement of material or equipment on a sidewalk, a worker must accompany the material or equipment and take whatever steps are necessary in connection with its movement to ensure the safety of any pedestrians on the sidewalk.

8.2.3.2. Overhead Activities

1) Operations such as the hoisting of major components onto a tall building or other overhead activities that constitute a hazard to pedestrians below from which the public cannot be protected by barricades, covered ways or similar means shall not be carried out until the street or other public way is closed.I

2) For the purposes of Sentence (1), closure of a pedestrian sidewalk or portions of a roadway or both, other than momentary interruptions in public use, shall only be permitted by the City Engineer where it is established that no reasonable alternative exists that would minimize construction hazards to the public.I

3) The permission required in Sentence (2) shall be applied for and obtained from the City Engineer in advance of the overhead activities.I

8.2.3.3. Barricades

1) Concrete or plastic water-filled interlocking barriers that areI

a)sufficient to prevent traffic from entering the excavation, and

b)marked with retro reflective tape, paint or delineators adequate to make the barriers visible at dusk and at night, just surround each excavation that is in a street or other public place or that is adjacent to a traffic lane where there is no sidewalk or curb.

8.2.3.4. Restoration and Repair

1) All sidewalks, streets or other public property that have been damaged shall be restored to a safe condition as directed by the City Engineer.I

2) All obstructions on sidewalks, streets or other public property shall be removed when the need for such obstructions is ended.I

8.2.3.5. Warning Lights

1) Warning lights shall be placed and shall be in operation during the hours of darkness at all obstructions on streets or other public ways.I

8.2.3.6. City Property Maintenance

1) Streets, sidewalks and other city property adjacent to projects shall be maintained in a clean and clear condition devoid of all construction vehicles, construction materials, overspills, excavated materials and mud.

2) Discharge water from construction activities and vehicle wash water for concrete and dump trucks shall not be dumped or placed on city property.

8.2.4. Direction of Traffic

8.2.4.1. Protection of the Public on City Streets

1) If work on a construction site creates a hazard to traffic on a public way, traffic control measures for the duration of the hazard must include

a)one or more workers or other persons to direct traffic,

b)appropriate warning signs including a sign that a crew and one or more persons directing traffic are working ahead, and

c)clear and consistent directions for traffic on the public way co‑ordinated with clear and consistent directions for traffic entering or exiting the site.

2) If work on a construction site creates a hazard to traffic on a public way for more than 15 minutes, traffic control measures for the duration of the hazard must include

a)warning signs including a sign that construction lies ahead or that there is a lane closure, and a lane closure arrow,

b)retro reflective lane control devices set up in a gradual taper to close the public way if a travel lane,

c)retro reflective lane control devices set up along the closed portion of the public way,

d)at night, if the public way is a vehicle travel lane, yellow flashing lights mounted on retro reflective barricades at the closure point of a travel lane, and

e)at night, retro reflective barricades with yellow flashing lights in front of any solid object including a waste container, construction trailer, concrete barrier, concrete weight, construction material, or construction equipment, unless retro reflective sheeting marks the object.

3) If work on a construction site creates a hazard to non-vehicular and non-pedestrian traffic on a bikeway for more than 15 minutes, traffic control measures for the duration of the hazard must include

a)a safe delineated path to provide a continuous path for non‑vehicular and non-pedestrian traffic where a safe alternative path does not exist,

b)the use of one or more workers or other persons to direct such traffic past the hazard, or

c)if a safe pedestrian path is available, a dismount sign at either end of the path.

8.2.4.2. Signs Used for Directing Traffic

1) Signs used for warning or directing traffic must be

a)at least 75 cm by 75 cm,

b)use retro reflective sheeting,

c)orange or fluorescent orange with black text or symbols for warning signs, and white with black text or symbols for regulatory signs, and

d)approved for use in the Province.

8.2.4.3. Lane Control Devices

1) A lane control device must be

a)a fluorescent red or orange 100 cm plastic tubular marker with two 8 cm retro reflective bands,

b)a fluorescent red or orange 45 cm or 70 cm plastic cone with a 15 cm retro reflective band, or

c)a fluorescent red or orange plastic flexible drum with two 10 inch retro reflective bands.

8.2.4.4. Traffic Control Person

1) A person who is directing traffic on a public way must

a)have in his or her possession written proof of having completed training in a traffic control course approved under the authority of the Workers’ Compensation Act of British Columbia or approved by the British Columbia Safety Council,

b)wear personal protective equipment approved under the authority of the Workers’ Compensation Act of British Columbia including a safety vest, hard hat, reflective wrist straps, and safety footwear approved under the authority of the Canadian Standards Association,

c)use a traffic control paddle consisting of a white “stop” sign on a retro reflective red background and a black “slow” sign on a retro reflective yellow background,

d)use a flashlight that includes a red signalling hood for night traffic conditions, and

e)minimize traffic delays.

8.2.4.5. Vehicle Impacting Traffic

1) If the placement of a vehicle at a construction site or the use of a vehicle at a construction site to protect workers creates a hazard to traffic on a public way, the vehicle must have the following in operation

a)a 360 degree yellow flashing light,

b)four way flashers, and

c)a flashing arrow board.

8.2.5. Waste Material

8.2.5.1. Control of Waste Material

1) Waste material or other material shall not be permitted to fall freely from one storey to another.I

8.2.5.2. Removal of Waste Material

1) Waste material shall be removed as quickly as possible by means ofI

a)appropriate containers,

b)an enclosed shaft or chute conforming to Sentence 8.2.5.4.(1), or

c)a hoisting apparatus if large pieces or objects are involved.

8.2.5.3. Enclosures for Waste Material

1) Waste material cleared as provided in Sentence 8.2.5.2.(1) shall be deposited in an enclosureI

a)so arranged as to prevent waste material from being projected beyond the confines of the enclosure, and

b)not accessible to the public.

8.2.5.4. Chutes for Waste Material

1) The chute described in Clause 8.2.5.2.(1)(b) shall be closed if it is inclined more than 45° to the horizontal.I