1) Subject to the application limitations defined elsewhere in this Part, structural members and their connections shall
a)conform to requirements provided elsewhere in this Part,
b)be designed according to good engineering practice such as that provided in the “Engineering Guide for Wood Frame Construction,” published by the Canadian Wood Council, or
c)be designed according to Part 4 using the loads and deflection and vibration limits specified in
i)Part 9, or
2) Where floor framing is designed in accordance with Clause (1)(b) or (c), and where supporting wall framing and fastenings, or footings, are designed according to Clause (1)(a), the specified live load on the floor shall not exceed 2.4 kPa.
3) Location-specific information for structural design, including snow and wind loads and seismic spectral response accelerations, shall be determined according to Subsection 1.1.3. (See Appendix A.)
1) This Subsection applies to light-frame constructions whose wall, floor and roof planes are generally comprised of frames of small repetitive structural members, and where
a)the roof and wall planes are clad, sheathed or braced on at least one side,
b)the small repetitive structural members are spaced not more than 600 mm o.c.,
c)the clear span of any structural member does not exceed 12.2 m,
d)the maximum deflection of the structural roof members conforms to Article 220.127.116.11.,
e)the maximum total roof area, notwithstanding any separation of adjoining buildings by firewalls, is 4 550 m2, and
f)for flat roofs, there are no significant obstructions on the roof, such as parapet walls, spaced closer than the distance calculated by
|Do||= minimum distance between obstructions, m,|
|Ho||= height of the obstruction above the roof, m,|
|Ss||= ground snow load, kPa, and|
|γ||= unit weight of snow, kN/m3.|
1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), specified snow loads shall be not less than those calculated using the
|S||= specified snow load,|
|Cb||= basic snow load roof factor, which is 0.45 where the entire width of the roof does not exceed 4.3 m and 0.55 for all other roofs,|
|Ss||= 1-in-50-year ground snow load in kPa, determined according to Subsection 1.1.3., and|
|Sr||= associated 1-in-50-year rain load in kPa, determined according to Subsection 1.1.3.|
2) In no case shall the specified snow load be less than 1 kPa.
3) Bow string, arch or semi-circular roof trusses having an unsupported span greater than 6 m shall be designed in conformance with the snow load requirements in Subsection 4.1.6.
1 ) Balconies, decks and other accessible exterior platforms intended for an occupancy and subject to snow loads shall be designed to carry the specified roof snow load or 1.9 kPa, whichever is greater, where the platform, or each segregated area of the platform, serves a single dwelling unit. (See Appendix A.)
1) The ceiling joists or truss bottom chords in residential attic or roof spaces having limited accessibility that precludes the storage of equipment or material shall be designed for a total specified load of not less than 0.35 kPa, where the total specified load is the sum of the specified dead load plus the specified live load of the ceiling. (See Appendix A.)
1) The maximum deflection of structural members shall conform to Table 18.104.22.168.
2) Dead loads need not be considered in computing deflections referred to in Sentence (1).
| Table 22.214.171.124.
Forming Part of Sentence 126.96.36.199.(1)
|Structural Members||Type of Ceiling Supported||Max. Allowable Deflection as an Expressed Ratio of the Clear Span|
|Roof rafters, roof joists and roof beams||No ceiling||1/180|
|Other than plaster or gypsum board||1/240|
|Plaster or gypsum board||1/360|
|Ceiling joists||Other than plaster or gypsum board||1/240|
|Plaster or gypsum board||1/360|
|Floor beams, floor joists and floor decking||All cases||1/360|
|Beams, joists and decking for balconies, decks and other accessible exterior platforms||Serving a single dwelling unit||1/240|
1) Footing sizes for shallow foundations shall be
a)determined in accordance with Section 9.15., or
b)designed in accordance with Section 4.2. using
i)the maximum allowable bearing pressures in Table 188.8.131.52., or
ii)allowable bearing pressures determined from subsurface investigation.
| Table 184.108.40.206.
Allowable Bearing Pressure for Soil or Rock
Forming Part of Sentence 220.127.116.11.(1)
|Type and Condition of Soil or Rock||Maximum Allowable
|Dense or compact sand or gravel(1)||150|
|Loose sand or gravel(1)||50|
|Dense or compact silt(1)||100|
|Notes to Table 18.104.22.168.|
|(1)||See Appendix A.|
1) Where a soil or rock within a distance equal to twice the footing width below the bearing surface has a lower allowable bearing pressure than that at the bearing surface as shown in Article 22.214.171.124., the design capacity of the foundation shall not be greater than would cause the weakest soil or rock to be stressed beyond its allowable bearing pressure.
2) In calculating subsurface pressures referred to in Sentence (1), the loads from the footings shall be assumed to be distributed uniformly over a horizontal plane within a frustum extending downward from the footing at an angle of 60° to the horizontal.
1) Where a foundation bears on gravel, sand or silt, and the water table is within a distance below the bearing surface equal to the width of the foundation, the allowable bearing pressure shall be 50% of that determined in Article 126.96.36.199.
1) Where a foundation is located in an area where soil movement caused by changes in soil moisture content, freezing, or chemical-microbiological oxidation is known to occur to the extent that it will damage a building, measures shall be taken to preclude such movement or to reduce its effects on the building so that the building's stability and the performance of assemblies will not be adversely affected. (See Appendix A.)
2) The potential for slope instability and its consequences, such as slope displacement, shall be evaluated based on site-specific material properties and ground motion parameters referenced in Subsection 1.1.3. and shall be taken into account in the design of the structure and its foundations.
[Rev. 7, B.C. Reg. 322/2009.]
1) Walls shall be designed to resist the lateral pressure of the retained material.
1) Except where constructed in accordance with Section 9.15., walls supporting drained earth shallbe designed
a)for a pressure equivalent to that exerted by a fluid that has a density of not less than 480 kg/m3 and a depth equal to that of the retained earth, or
b) in accordance with Section 4.2. so as to be able to resist the loads and effects described in Article 188.8.131.52.
2) Walls supporting other than drained earth shall be designed
a)for the pressure described in Clause (1)(a) plus the fluid pressure of the surcharge, or
b)in accordance with Section 4.2. so as to be able to resist the loads and effects described in Article 184.108.40.206.